饲 奶 “必须” – Dairy Forum – China Animal Husbandry Website – A useful animal husbandry website
At present, farmers breed dairy cows, and a one-family courtyard has still accounted for a certain proportion, limited by the feeding space and the feeding environment, and if the feeding method is not proper, the quality of the cream is more difficult to ensure. In combination, the author believes that farmers can feed cows should be “six must”:
The comprehensive management of the feeding environment must be strengthened. Although the cow has strong disease resistance, the quality of the fresh milk is greatly affected by the environment. If you don’t pay attention to hygiene, it often leads to milk quality, and the amount of milk declines. Therefore, the dairy farmers must often clean the dairy circle, and the feces cleaned once every day, especially in the summer, avoiding the fusure of the feces in the circle. At the same time, do a good job in disinfection, and disinfect the Nest and the surroundings every week. It is sterilized twice a week, and does it feed, drink water, do not feed moldy feed.
Must grasp the birth of the cow. The first year of cows not only affect the amount of milk production, but also affects life milk. Many cows are not born in the yak, and the body weight is only 50 kg, and it is often caused by difficulty. Therefore, the nursery must not be eager to seek, should strengthen feeding management, when the catastrophe is 360 kg -400 kg, it can be initiated. The most ideal calf interval of cows is 365 days, that is, producing milk during the 255 days, the dry milk period is 60 days, and it is a year in one year.
Milking must be scientifically. When the cow milking must be in accordance with the law of the lactation, step by step, gradually increase the amount of milking, and do not squeeze fresh milk within 7 days of calving, prevent the dairy in vivo excessive consumption. Dairy’s daily milking is 3 times – 4 times, the milking personnel should follow the milking procedure, keep the utensils and personal hygiene, each with iodine medicine to the nipple, prevent breastitis once before and after milking occur.
It must be reasonably equipped with dry milk period feed. Dairy cattle milk, more nutrient loss, plus pregnancy, embryonic development on nutritional needs, need to recover nutrients during the dry milk period. Therefore, in addition to the short-drying, it is generally reduced the fine feed weight several days before the prevention, and the dry milk period can generally be based on the standard of 10 kg -15 kg of milk, from the standard of 8 kg -10 kg, 15 kg – 20 kg green feeding and 3 kg -4 kg with fine material. The amount of high-active dry yeast must be added to the dry milk period, promote dairy cows to eat and absorb, so as soon as possible to return to normal physical conditions, and improve the disease resistance and resistance energy of cows.
The cows must be guaranteed. Some breeding milk is convenient to make a picture, but also limits the dairy activities, but also seriously hinders the growth and development of cows, which is easy to cause the dairy cows, and the fetal clothes can’t wait. Therefore, it should be fed by the circle, let the cows are free to act, feeding them, to promote the metabolism of cows, increase appetite, maintain normal reproduction, and improve disease resistance.
It is necessary to brush the cattle. Dairy skin is sensitive to external dust. When there is a dry manure by hair, the cow is uncomfortable, often uses the tongue, the body wipes the wall, slots, etc., the body is not conducive to the health of the cow. Therefore, it should be brushed 1 times with a brush every day, and the cattle body is cleaned.
Farm, cows, dried milk
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