Batch production | Small and medium-sized family farm is more suitable for three-week batch production – Yangshuo – China Animal Husbandry Website – A useful animal husbandry website
pig professional managers, micro letter ID: YZZYJLR2016
Author: Shi Zengbin
for no more than 500 sows family farm, the adoption of three weeks batches The strategy of production can reduce labor costs. The pig farm needs to take a full production method to obtain profits, and maximize farm production through accurate pig flowing. Three-week batch production can provide more profitable opportunities for the family farm.
In order to maintain the risk of porcum’s health reduction in pig field disease infection, the implementation of the whole process is recognized as the best means and method, according to statistics, my country’s 50 ~ 500 sows in China have 83,244 small and medium-sized pig farms under 500 sows can truly realize their production room, and the conservation is full, the author believes that the three-week batch production model can solve this problem.
1, what is the three-week batch production?
The three-week batch production is a widely used mature theory. In the 1950s, with the promotion of early weaned technology and the promotion of the British family farm to produce transformation. Three-week batch production has always had a larger market in Europe.
The family farm gives birth once every three weeks, weaning once every three weeks, and each three weeks is in place. This is the so-called three-week batch production. The system is based on the biological habit of the sow, as the pig flows can be divided into a batch of batch, the sows of the sow, all one of the three weeks, respectively. The four-week breastfeeding of the three-week batch production.
Three-week batch production pig farm layout
summarizes in Table 1.
Table 1 Pig Building Requirements
Pig house rear preparation mother sow pregnant sow childbirth 7-30kg wear pig 30-95kg growth / fattening pig three weeks batch 3 group 6 group 2 groups 2-3 groups 4-5 sets of single-week batch 9 groups 16 groups of 5 groups 7 groups 12-14 groups
2, how to make a batch of sows in the third week
Three-week batch production is divided into 7 batches of all-in-one batch, each batch of delivery (28 days in production room for 28 days), these 7 batches are: weaning with a batch A (0-3 weeks ), 4 weeks of pregnancy B, 7 weeks of pregnancyC, 10 weeks of pregnancy D, 13 weeks of pregnancy E, 16 weeks of pregnancy, f, breastfeeding batch g (19-21 weeks).
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Take the pig farm of 1,16nd sow as an example, the original weaned 44 nest, 85% childbirth rate, 52 heads per week, transferred to 3 weeks batch production After the mode, weaned 132 nest every three weeks, 155 sows, weanned 1275 piglets. The advantage of this is that the category, and the preservation can make the whole building, the management is more concentrated, and the batch introduces the backup more secure.
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The time of the sow from the previous round of breeding to weaning to enter the second round of breeding, the time required for 21 weeks (16 weeks pregnancy + 4 weeks premnation + 1 week of lagoon recovery = 147 days) How does the continuous production of pig farm turn into three weeks of batch production? You can use the three-week sow, a total of 3 weeks of sows, synthesis a batch batch. That is, the pigs in the current house, some should be made in early 1 week, some should be delayed 1 week, and the three batches of sows are combined while weaning. Batch breeds can better achieve a lot of progress in similar age (no more than three days). There are several benefits:
1. All important work has become concentrated, concentrated, concentrated, concentrated on weaning. The pig farm staff can concentrate some things in a certain week, such as breeding, pickup, weaning, etc., rather than a few things, this can improve work efficiency;
3, batch production can reduce the risk of disease Traditional continuous production mode, because the pig farm has a sow every dayBreeding, the boar is poor, the piggy pigs are different, and when they reach a certain age, pigs are only involved, and a fattening pig house has been out of the two weeks. In response to such problems, the pig farm generally builds two fattening houses. If you replace the method of batching a batch of breeding, each breeding can ensure the homogeneity of the boar, it can really achieve the whole process, and effectively prevent and control the three most important pigs in the current pig industry. Disease: pseudoal, blue ear disease, epidemic diarrhea.
For a continuous production of a dragon pig farm, the sailor, fattening houses in the growth process of pigs, after fattening, the pigs have been transferred to fattening house, but due to pigs The growth is not completely synchronized, from the mastulent to fattening houses often only partially transferred, and there is no way to make a whole whole process, completely disinfection. Therefore, as long as there is a pig with a pseudohadia virus, it is easy to infect other pigs.
There is no separate pig farm with the pregnant sow house, and the blue ear disease is in the field. It is often leading to the new entrance of the reserve sow abortion, the infection of piglet infection, secondary infection, blue ear disease is always insufficient enough. After the implementation of two-point feeding, pocket, fattening, and the pregnant sows, it can solve this problem very well, but batch breeding is more completely solved.
For piglets, the most dangerous disease is the epidemic diarrhea PED. If the piglet in 5 days, an epidemic diarrhea occurs, the mortality rate is high, and the mortality of the pigs after 10 days of death is reduced. When the house has a PED virus, if there is no 10-day piglet in the production room, this time you don’t have to worry; if you just have a piglet in the age of 10, at least the infection chance is reduced by four quarters. According to the original production method, in 24 days old, four batches of piglets in different units of the same house. After the application of three weeks after production, only a number of pigs were in their production room, that is, the pigs in the age of 10 were only in one quarter of the opportunity to come into contact with the virus. Therefore, the risk of disease is greatly reduced.
4, when the batch conversion needs to pay some cost
The current three-week batch production in small and medium-sized pig farms is still not universal, mainly due to the concept of pig farm owners. According to our solution, in fact, the mother pig group can be adjusted for 30 weeks. It is necessary to implement three-week batch production, and improve the technical and management requirements in the field. Such as a motherThe automatic feeding of pigs is managed, and the production room is maximized. The energy supplements before and after weaning. After weaning, the light is litter, the boar is attractive, the plan and supplement of the reserve sow is in place, To ensure that the estrus rate is more than 90% in 7 days after the sow is weaned, the batch is better.
Three-week batch production, if the sow is not in the breeding week, even if you estrophily, you can’t raise breasts, wait for a while, the general pig farm may cause the pluck, if not there are so many empty colors, The adjustment is not good, the farm farm will look more confusing. In addition, employee technology is not very skilled, and the conversion work will be difficult to do, so the pig farm will not dare to use. However, if the pig farm staff is stable, skilled in technology, the semen supply is guaranteed, and the conditions can be smoothly transferred to the three-week batch production, and the production of pig farms will also be a step.
From single-week batch to three weeks batch event sequence
Zengqi childbirth, fuel, breeding, preparation, pig 1 childbirth, milk, breeding
2 delivery weaning and breeding introduction backup 13 childbirth 断 milk and breeding
4 Delivery rice milk and breeding
5 childbirth weaning breeding introduction backup 26 childbirth 断 milk breeding
7 childbirth weaning breeding
8 childbirth weaning breeding introduction backup 39 childbirth 断 milk breeding
10 childbirth ↘ ↘ 四 四 酮 配
11 Children weaning (3-5 weeks) A group
backup 1 stop drugs / introduction 412 childbirth ↗ with a batch A
13 childbirth ↘ weaning tetrane female ketone
14 delivery weaning (3-5 weeks) Group B
Reserve 2 stopper / induction 515 childbirth ↗↗ Batch batch B
16 childbirth ↘ ↘ 四 四
17 Delivery weaning (3-5 weeks) c group
Reserve 3 stopped drugs / Introducing 618 childbirth with a batch of C
19 childbirth ↘ ↘ 四 四 酮
20 childbirth weaning (3-5 weeks) D group
backup 4 stopper / introduction 721 childbirth ↗ with a batch D
22 childbirth ↘ ↘ 四 四
23 Delivery weaning (3-5 weeks) E group
backup 5 stopper / introduction 824 childbirth ↗ with a batch E
25 childbirth ↘ weaning tetrane female ketone
26 childbirth weaning (3-5 weeks) F group
backup 6 suspension / introduction 927
↗ with a batch of f
28 childbirth 1 group of ↘ weaning tetrane female
Weaning (3-5 weeks) E group
Reserve 7 stopper / induce 1030
↗ with a batch of g
31 childbirth 2
Weaning ( 4 weeks
backup 8 stopper / introduction 1133
with a batch of 3 groups
Three-week batch production technology compare avant-garde, pig farm transfer 6 There will be partial losses in months, but it will not be large. First of all, in terms of cost investment, 7 batches (or group) sows are completely formed in accordance with the three-week batch, and it takes about 7 months to adjust. Since the researched mother’s pig imports should take the same period, hormones Fee costs will increase. Secondly, the facilities are equipped, and the pig farmhouse has limited educational house, and it is necessary to expand its investment. Finally, it is laborious. The 1000 mother farm has enough management according to the past 5-6 people in the past. If it is a three-week batch production, there will be a few days of piglets to produce, which makes the worker’s workers’ hand is not enough. This requires a “variety + delivery” all-round team and temporary system, implementation of three-week batch production, all-around type (refer to both breeding and delivery) employees can play a greater role.
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In short, three weeks of batch production is a new thing for many small and medium-sized pig farms in China, and small and medium-sized family pig farm sows are small. This method can Realize centralized management, the current small pig farm does not dare to use, because the traditional continuous production method has developed a habit, most of the managers prefer to make a change. In fact, both production and operation is from employee benefits, three weeks batch production is ideal for domestic family farms. Improve employee welfare to promote regular vacation, three weeks of batch production does have to be sincerely supported by the pig farm, once a five-day vacation opportunity, the pig farm will also have a lot of attractive.
Occupational Manager .jpg
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