Clinical examination of pig disease diagnosis – Pig Disease Forum – China Animal Husbandry Website – A useful animal husbandry website
Life has sick, will go to the hospital to consult a doctor, the doctor pays attention to “Wang, smell, ask, cut”, then the pig is sick, how should we diagnose?
Clinical diagnosis of pathogenesis, including consultation, visiting, palpation, percussion, auscultation and olfactory.
In actual operation, it is usually performed in the order of general inspections and system inspections.
1, the appearance check
mainly observed the external performance of the pig.
The sick pig is generally packed, the action is slow, often separated from the group, walks, head, end, the eyes are not grateful and accompanied by the secretions, being buried, the abdomen is not full, etc. .
Further, it should be noted that there is no nerve symptom. If pigs are poisoned, they will appear excitement or inhibition, full body trembling, circle, limbs, sometimes flying, etc., when suffering from breaking, vertical tail, riff limbs, and teeth are close.
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such as the symptoms of eye-catching film, mostly anemia and parasitic diseases; red, congestive or purple, is symptoms such as sacchamons, heat stroke, pneumonia, thermal infectious diseases and enteritis.
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Skin examination also has important significance in clinical diagnosis, such as pale, anemia, red, especially the red spot, there is a possibility of infectious diseases Such as pigs, split spots (blocks), refirmed that the skin bleeding point of the swine fever does not decrease.
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When skin examination, it should also be taken to observe wherewwear, pustule. Nasal dishes and hoof examination, especially if there is no hypherous or whether there is swelling, lameness, and arthritis is common in vice-pig and streptococcal infections.
2, body temperature check The body temperature is often indicative of the occurrence of the disease, but the body temperature check can not only determine the degree of disease, but also to determine the nature of the disease, such as acute infectious diseases. High heat, Ordinary diseases tend to heat or micro-heat.
According to the change in body temperature, it is also possible to observe the efficacy and the development of the disease, such as the decrease in body temperature and the inconsistency of the symptoms, often indicate that the disease tends to deteriorate or prognosis.
1, respiratory system check is usually a case where the pig’s chest undulation or abdomen can be used, and it can be used by hand before the pig’s nostrils, and it is perceived. Pigs are generally chest and abdomen breathing, that is, inhalation and exhalation, the thoracic and abdominal walls are carried out with the same strength. If the chest activity is obviously called chest breathing, abdominal activity is obviously called abdominal breathing, both of them are Pathological manifestation.
For example, when pleuriating, pleural effusion, emphysema occurs, often appears abdominal breathing; when intraperitoneal water, food, peritonitis occurs, happening is often breathing.
Nasal liquid: Healthy pigs generally have no nasal liquid, nasal flow flow is often pathological.
, for example, when a foam or hybrid sample is out of the nasal liquid, it may be the result of pulmonary edema or pulmonary hemorrhage; when the mucus, purulent nasal flow is flowing, it is common in the swine flu.
Cough: Depending on the momentous cough caused by improper cough, other coughs can be regarded as symptoms of certain diseases, such as cough, pain, sick pigs show their neck, shake their heads, chew, swallow, and try their best Inhibit cough, more common in pleurisy, etc.
2, Digestive System Check
In addition to feed and environmental changes, the reduction in food and drinking water is one of the important symptoms that are first exhibited by pig disease, and should pay special attention.
Vomiting: Taining vomiting may be caused by eating. Other vomiting is a symbol of certain diseases, such as large intestine blocking, vomit like feces.
Oral examination: oral examination is important value for diagnosing salsa, foot-and-mouth disease, inflammation, pharyngitis, tetanous winds, etc. It is common in swine fever; oral dry is seen in thermal diseases and long-term diarrhea.
Manure Check: The abnormality of the manure traits is one of the symptoms of certain diseases, such as fecal drying, usually seen in constipation and swine fever. Infectious diseases.
3, urinary reproductive system inspection
Pig urinary academic diseases are rare, and there are more infectious diseases. The variation of the cultivation of the urine and the physicochemical traits of urine can be referred to in the diagnosis of certain diseases. Such as frequent urination, less amount or hematuria, may be urethritis, cystitis.
Reproductive system inspection: the swelling of the boar is swollen, seen in orchitis;
When the sow is vaginitis or endometritis, the pussy is often flowing out of the gray-filthy liquid;
The sow breast is large, seen in breast inflammation;
Blood bubbles in the breast may be one of the symptoms of foot-and-mouth disease.
In the early stage of encephabitis, there is often a spiritual abnormality, arrogance, horror, swing, etc., there is a sleepiness, coma is obvious in brain serious injury or various diseases. Dangerous period.
Feel: Skin feels degraded or disappeared, more common in peripheral feelings of metallic compression and encephalopathy.
Motion: paralysis, paralyzed, muscle spasm, is the performance of moving machines and loss, common in encephalitis, meningitis, etc.
Plant Nervous System: The plant neurological system consists of sympathetic nerve and sub-integration nerves, and both are in a balanced state.
Once a disease occurs, the balance state is destroyed and a series of symptoms exhibit. For example, sympathetic is excited, generally manifested to expand, saliva secretion inhibition, vascular contraction, bronchial relaxation, and gastrointestinal peristalsis, etc .;
The diagnosis of clinical pork disease is a comprehensive judgment of all aspects, and it is not possible to be all-in, and the blind is like. Otherwise, the results of diagnosis may be in the north, delay the condition.
Only more information as much as possible, systematically, comprehensive analysis, can be made correctlyJudging, proposing practical control measures.
Author: Li Mengnan Source: pig Online
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