Comprehensive Understanding and Prevention Measures for Dairy Breastitis – Dairy Forum – China Animal Husbandry Website – A useful animal husbandry website
Dairy breasts is the most common inflammation of cows, breast lesions, is more complicated, which leads to the most serious economic losses in the dairy industry, and has the greatest in the dairy industry. This disease will cause milk cows breastfeeding, making the milk volume decline sharply. At present, there are about 220 million cows around the world, including about one-third of the cows with various types of breasts, which have great harm to produce milk and milk quality, and in prevention and The treatment is much difficult, high cost, because my country is currently in the high-speed development period of the dairy industry, the relevant technologies, measures and facilities are still in improved, the loss caused by breastitis is more serious, and each year is up to 10 billion yuan, heavy The development of the dairy industry, in the production practice of dairy breast, focusing on the prevention and treatment of dairy breast disease disease, minimizing breast inflammation, the harm of cows, greatly enhances the economic benefits of dairy farming industry. I. The harm caused by dairy breast inflammation is very large, mainly reflected in the following aspects: 1) It can result in a decline in milk production: when dairy is infected with breast inflammation. A large number of white blood cells have a large number of white blood cells, making it secreted by milk, resulting in a reduction in the total amount of milk cells, resulting in a decline in milk production. 2) Dairy ingredients reduce the secretion of the breasts to reduce the secretion of the breast, thereby reducing the ingredients of some milk, such as lactose, casein and creamy, etc .; due to the damage of the breast tissue, make the material in the blood into the milk, and increase Number of them. Breastitis can change the ingredients in the milk to affect the quality and flavor of the dairy. 3) High incidence: Foreign breastitis is 25% a 60%, while China’s incidence rate is 20%; according to national data, the incidence of recessive breastitis is higher, reaching 30% -87 %. 4) High economic loss: high incidence of dairy breastitis, high elimination rate, high treatment, low milk, low yield, resulting in huge economic losses. 5) Hazardous Health: The milk of cattle contains pathogenic bacteria. A large amount of antibiotics remains after treatment, which will cause a great harm to people’s physical health, seriously affecting people’s health. Second, there are many ways to classify breast inflammation, depending on the breast and milk, there is no naked varying change into acute (clinical type) breast inflammation, recessive breastitis and chronic breast inflammation, three types have different symptoms. : 1) Acute (clinical type) breast inflammation: acute breastitis characteristics is breast red, swollen, hot, hard, pain, remarkable milk, decreased milk, increased body temperature, loss of appetite,Spirituality. Bull rejects breastfeeding and milking. Visible changes in the naked eye, flock in the milk, clot, sometimes water sample; severe sick milk area severe swelling, different degrees of exudation, lactation, reduction or stop, while different degrees of systemic reactions. If it is not treated in time, it may develop into chronic breast inflammation, the breast elasticity is lowered, the milk is yellow, the breast, atrophy, and even the chemical necrosis, completely lost lactation capacity. 2) Recessive Breast: Because the clinical symptoms of recessive breastitis are not easy to discover, there is a lot of probabilities of many secondary diseases, and the potential health threats of cattle are natural. Recessive breast inflammation can only be checked out through the loop diagnosis and laboratory test of the milk. The pH> 7.0 of the milk is alkaline. There is a lame, floc, fiber in the milk. The sodium chloride content is more than 0.14%, and the number of somatic cells is below 400,000 / ml, and the number of bacteria and the conductance value are increased. 3) Chronic breast inflammation: Causes because acute cases have not been treated in time, the breast tissue is gradually inflamed, there is a history of repeated episodes, low efficacy, long period of time, can last few months or longer, milk production Declined, heavy milk is abnormal, soon, it is divided into two layers, the boundary is clear, the upper layer is water sample, the lower layer is lipid or clot, pH is alkali; the bumping pool portion of the palpation breast can be touched Small block, the end of the disease, the breast contrast, which can be smaller in the breast contrast, which can be touched in the process of the breast, and the milk is very small, and finally become a tap, the disease, the appetite, None of the body temperature, breathing, and ruminant. Third, the cause of the causes of dairy breastitis is mainly the following factors: 1) pathogen infection causes breast inflammation: Most dairy breasts are often caused by a variety of non-specific pathogenic microorganisms, bacteria, molds , Fungi, viruses, etc., it is reported more than 140. There are 23 kinds of commonly common, including 14 kinds of bacteria, made from bacteria, breastfeeding, golden staphylococcal vessels, the highest, followed by E. coli and Streptococcus. Two types of molds, 7 fungi and viruses. Viruses can also cause breast inflammation, but most are secondary infections. It mainly has a herpes herpes virus, auglic virus, and a foot-and-mouth disease. It is generally nipple skin infection, producing pimple, herpes, blister, secondary other bacterial infections, resulting in breast inflammation. 2) Environmental factors: the sanitary conditions of the circle house, the feces cleaning is not timely, disinfection is not complete, or it is cleaned, but the air flow is not introduced.The co-humidity is large, making bacteria breeding, very easy to cause breastitis. Therefore, the cows should be cleaned in time, and the sports field should have drainage conditions and remain dry. The design is reasonable, and the cowshed should be placed on the grass, saw the material and other materials to maintain a soft and hard cracked beds, causing infection. 3) Stress factors and genetic factors: Suddenly replace feed, climate change, change milking time or feeding mildew, etc., will make the cow in stress, so that the body’s immunity has caused the invasion of pathogenic microorganisms, these factors will It affects the physiological function of cows to a certain extent. Finally leads to breast inflammation. The results of the study also prove that breastitis is also related to genetic factors, and the descendants of dairy cows suffering from breast inflammation are high. 4) Improvement of milking: 1 disinfection is not complete: unscrupulous in front of milking, milk cows are disinfected, and the milking personnel disinfected make cow dung, sewage, dirt, bacteria very easy to enter the milk cup, breasts and milk Among the occurrence of dairy breastitis. 2 Nipple wiping towel sanitary conditions can not be reached: Repeated use of a towel, suffering from a healthy breast, sharing a towel, can’t dry the towel in time in rainy weather, causing the occurrence of breastitis. There are more than 140 microorganisms of dairy breasts, dairy and microorganisms live in the same environment, some microorganisms enter the breast and induce breast inflammation, leading to pathogenic microorganisms of breastitis, we are unable to apply drugs, vaccines and other measures Fully removed or eliminated. Eliminate the microorganism is equal to eliminating the cows. The incidence of milk breast inflammation is relatively high. At present, the current treatment is to use antibiotic treatment, and the frequent application of antibiotics leads to more resistant strains, so that breast inflammation is more repeated. Under the severe situation, develop a new method for preventing milk cow breastitis, developing and applying both drugs and disabilities, but also improving the treatment of bovine breastfeeding antibiotics, which is the cause of breastfeeding, is a global cow. The big direction and urgent needs of the breeding industry, so the harmonious coexistence of cows and microorganisms is the most sensible choice. Dairy aquaculture is only prevention, prevention and treatment, and comprehensive management can achieve the expected results.
Four, milk cow breast inflammation
1 Strengthen feeding management: ingredients are reasonable, suitable and have enough cleaning, dry pad Second, it is to ensure the normal operation of the ventilation system and disinfect regularly, the sports field should be every day.Sweeping the feces, preventing the pathogen infection, the three is to ensure the balance of TMR diet, it is recommended to test raw materials, 3 days cleans a sink, and replace fresh drinking water every day.
2 Do a good job in milking: standard milking sequence; medicinal bath liquid is currently used; the top three milk is extrude to the three milk cups, don’t squeeze into the ground; standardize to be a cattle It is strictly forbidden to talk to a towel; after taking off the cup, the medicine bath should keep up in time. Strictly perform milking operation procedures, custom-time, fixed-point, and sake.
3 Regularly check: Regularly check each cattle milk to detect risking breast inflammation, to prevent preventive treatment. It is appropriate to give the dairy cow to the dairy cow, grasp the law of the pathogenesis of milk bovine breast.
4 According to the number of old days, the physical condition score, the milk volume is strictly distributed, and the postpartum health care is regulated.
2) Treatment measures for dairy breast inflammation: clinical breastitis and recessive breast inflammation, please use Bora Lily 3, please guide the use of our salesperson.
Baolai Lili 3rd is a micro-infection of special breeding micro-ecology, immunomy, antibacterial peptide CEC-38, Bacillus Bacillus Bacillus B7348, metabolites, lactic acid bacteria LP-11 and Metabolites, yeast selenium, yeast zinc and carrier, etc. It has a strong inhibitory killing effect on highly pathogenic Gram-negative bacteria and Gram-positive bacteria, and has a superior performance of antibiotics with breast inflammation, reducing the number of somatic cells, activating immunity, and improves production milk. Improve the quality of milk. Green is highly efficient, does not produce any resistance, completely eliminating the safety hazards of antibiotics, and has an important significance for developing healthy farming and promoting food safety. Applying this product for one month, the impact of rigid breast inflammation rate is as high as 95.1%, and the number of dairy cells fell by more than 50%. This product also has the characteristics of regulating rumen and intestinal micro-ecology, promoting immunity, preventing diseases, stimulating intestinal mucosa immune level, promoting systemic cellular immunity and body fluid immunity, can prevent dairy cavernous metabolic diseases, limphoes, diarrhea, cold , Common diseases such as pneumonia. This product can also optimize the ecological environment of dairy breeding, reduce the concentration of ammonia, odor, etc., reducing environmental pollution, and improving the feeding environment.
哞哞 Love No. 3 is the preferred product of the prevention and control of dairy cow breasts.
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