Dog Plastic Prevention and Treatment – Piggy Forum – China Animal Husbandry Website – A useful animal husbandry website
Canine disease is a highly contact infectious disease caused by canine distemper, with strong infectivity, and mortality can be as high as more than 80%. The body temperature of the dog’s disease is as high as 39.5 ~ 41 degrees Celsius, loss of appetite, depression, and nose flowing out of water sample secretion, sneezing, diarrhea. It is already the mid-stage mid-time in the midst of the dogs during the next 2 to 14 days. At the same time, secondary gastrointestinal diseases, vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite. The spirit is highly sinking, lethargy. Typical neurological symptoms, mouth spitterings, convulsions, generally difficult to cure, in this case.
The main characteristics of the disease
The main characteristics of the virus: single equidistant virus, subcomponents, measles virus,
viral particles, can be filament, The capsule and transers, the nucleus spiral symmetry, the genome is a single molecular sub-strand RNA, the size of 15-16 kB, the replication site is cytoplasm, the host range is vertebrate, mainly a respiratory disease. The virus is easily killed by thermally sensitive, fat solvents and ordinary disinfectants. Dogworth-like provinces and districts are more distributed, there is a breakout period. The mortality rate of puppies is more than 90%, and the mortality rate of cig dogs is more than 50%. For the health of the dog, the dog owner injected a qualified vaccine on time to prevent life of the dog. If the dog is suffering from the dog, the owner should treat it in time – it is best to take it, directly, do the worst psychological preparation.
Second, the cause of the disease
As early as 1905, the pathogen of this disease was a virus. In 1951, Dedie developed the dog’s distemper virus for the first time in tissue culture. It is now identifying that the dogwallavius is a non-antigen relationship with members of the paramyvirosis, measles virus, with the measles virus and the bovine fever virus.
Canine distemper virus is not strong, sensitive to thermal, dry, ultraviolet and organic solvents, easy to be killed by UV, diethyl ether, formaldehyde, to Suer; 2 ~ 4c can survive for weeks, room temperature The day, 50 ~ 60Cl hours can be inactivated. The acid or alkali environment of pH 4.5 and 9.0 or more can be quickly inactivated, but the low temperature freezing can be kept for several months, and the freeze dry can be stored for several years.
Third, the characteristics of the disease
This disease can occur in four seasons, but there is no holidays. The disease has a certain periodicity, and it is popular every three years. Dogs in different ages, genders, and varieties can be infected, but they are most susceptible to underage puppies. Purebred dogs, police dogs are much higher than that of soil dogs, and the disease reaction is high, and the mortality rate is also high. The most important infection source of this disease is nasal, eye division and urine. After some people reported 60-90 days of dogs infected with dog viruses, there were still viruses in urine, so the urine was very dangerous infection, mainly spreading directly to healthy dogs, or foraw it by air Respiratory infection. In the same chamber, there is a dog who has discovered that there is no matter how strict protective measures are taken, and the cohabitation of dog infection cannot be avoided.
Fourth, clinical symptoms
Dogularity duration of the duration of the infected source is large. The latency of the same animal is 3-6 days. The incubation period from which to dissimilar animals is sometimes up to 30 to 90 days.
Symptoms are varied, and the virus is related to the virus, environmental conditions, age and immune status. 50% to 70% of CDV infections are as follows of subclinical symptoms, burnout, anorexia, high temperature rise and upper respiratory tract infection. Items of resembutments are more common in unimfirvous vaccination. The symptoms of canine plasticity begins with elevated body temperature for 1-3 days. Then resolve, very similar to the feature of catching. But after a few days, the body temperature increased again, and the duration was not necessarily. It can be seen that there is tears, the eye-catching membrane is red, and the eye secretion is made of a liquid into puzza. The nasut is dry, and there is a nasal flow, which is started to be a slurry nasal liquid, and then become a purulent nasal liquid. There is a dry cough in the beginning of the disease, then turn to wet cough, difficulty breathing. Vomiting, diarrhea, intestinal printed, ultimately dehydrated with severe dehydration and weakening.
Nerve symptoms, most of the symptoms of the symptoms of 7 to 21 days, and there is also a nerve symptoms, and the puppies can produce neurological symptoms 28 days to 42 days, due to the dog’s distemper Different in the part of the central nervous system, the symptoms are different. Virus damage is due to epilepsy, turning circle, standing posture abnormalities, gait instability, unsuspension, mastication muscle and limbs have other neurological symptoms, such neuropathic predensions are more poor.
Canine distemper virus can cause partial dog eye damage, clinically characterized by conjunctivitis, corneal inflammation, cornealitis is around 15 days after the onsetMore consensus, cornea whitening, heavy cornea ulcers, perforation, blindness. Treatment plan: Using dogs, anti-Kang Dynasty (British Yikang) with Emperforma Nucleic Acid, one is diluted, used for the treatment amount of 50 pounds to 200 pounds, for three days
V. Preventive measures
(1) Regular vaccination: Currently in my country is currently a cell culture and disappearing vaccine. In order to improve the immunization effect, it should be carried out in the following immunization procedures. The dog is 6 weeks old for the first immunization time, and the second immunization is carried out at 8 weeks old. In the future, each year is immunized once, each time the immunot dose is two milliliters, and a certain immune effect can be obtained. Given that there is a maternal antibody in the body of 12 weeks old, it can significantly affect the immune effect of canine vaccine. Therefore, the pupils below 12 weeks old, it is best to apply measles vaccine (canine disease virus and measles virus) The same is a common antigenicity, and the specific immunization method is that when the puppies are immunized by measles vaccine, their immunot doses are 1 ml of muscle per dog ( 2.5 sessile), when 12 to 16 weeks old, immunized with canine disease vaccine. According to some units, there is a good immune effect when using this immunization procedure.
(2) Strengthen veterinary hygiene and epidemic prevention measures, and the farms should try their own self-supporting. In the popular season of this disease, it is strictly forbidden to bring personal dogs to the place where the dog is assembled.
(3) Time-isolation treatment: timely discovery of disease, early quarantine treatment, prevent secondary infection, which is the key to improving the rate of cure. Early patients with intramuscular or subcutaneous injection of anti-veneer dismantle serum or blood rehabilitation dog serum (or whole blood). The amount of serum should be determined according to the condition and the size of the dog, usually 5 ~ 10 ml, can get a certain efficacy. According to data, while using high serum-free treatment, it can improve the treatment effect, and the use method and amount of use are: 20 ml of treatment with physiological saline or injectable water before treatment. Medium-large dog intravenous drip 2 to 4 bottles, smaller dogs, can be reduced. Destination is also muscle injection. In addition, antibiotics (such as penicillin, streptomycin, etc.) were used early, and combined with symptomatic treatment, it was important to prevent bacterial secondary infections and disease rehabilitation.
(4) Thorough disinfection kennel, sports venue: kennel and its sports venue should be 3% amazo(Nameri sodium hydroxide) solution or 10% formalin disinfect.
Sexually infectious diseases, secretions, dogwind, infectious, respiratory tract
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