How to create a small rabbit farm – raising the rabbit forum – China Animal Husbandry Website – A useful animal husbandry website
The establishment of the rabbit farm has a very important relationship for the success of raising rabbits. Many people think of going to build a rabbit farm and immediately go to build, and the result is halfway, so the friends who want to invest in rabbits carefully take a serious look. Knowledge, when you have the basic requirements of the rabbit, the basic requirements of the rabbit farm, the situation of the rabbit market has a certain understanding and decide is not too late!
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(1) Creative construction must consider the requirements of meat rabbits to the environment
The environment refers to the general name of the external conditions affecting the life of the meat rabbit and produces. The health of rabbits is actually refers to the state of the body and the environment of the meat rabbit to achieve a unified and balanced state. Therefore, according to the biological characteristics, physiological characteristics of the meat rabbit, a good environment has become a good environment in the construction of rabbit cage and its subsidiary facilities. It has become an important part of the scientific rabbit. It is an important means to ensure the health of rabbits and give full play to its production potential. There are many factors affecting the rabbit house, such as temperature, humidity, ventilation, lighting, noise, dust and greening.
The meat rabbit is extremely unusual, and there is a thick mounted hair due to the adverse gland, and the ability of the young rabbit self-regulation is weak, so The ambient temperature is very affected by the normal life and production of rabbits. The suitable temperature of the meat rabbit is 30 ~ 35 ° C, the rabbit is 20 ~ 25 ° C, and the adult rabbit is 15 ~ 20 ° C. The temperature of the house exceeds 30 ° C or below 5 ° C, the growth and development of young rabbits, breeding rabbit breeding and hair, and the adverse effects of production, sustained high temperature and low temperature, can lead to the heat of the rabbit, bunny to die. Therefore, it is necessary to combine local natural climatic conditions and consider high regulation capabilities in the bed.
The humidity is too large, which will increase the harm of high temperature and low temperature on the rabbit; the humidity is too small, which is not conducive to hair, skin growth and improves hair, skin Quality. The most suitable relative humidity of the rabbit house is 60% ~ 65%, generally should not be less than 55% or higher than 70%. In view of the above, the rabbit houseConstruction, must consider the ground, especially the drainage properties of the manureus and the moisture absorption of the building materials.
Ventilation, that is, it is guaranteed that the air in the house has a certain flow rate. Ventilation ventilation, regulate the temperature and humidity of the rabbit, exclude the polish gas, dust and excessive water in the rabbit house, and reducing the incidence of respiratory diseases, both of them are of great significance. The rabbit is discharged from the manure and contaminated pads, which can disperse ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, carbon dioxide, and other harmful gases under certain temperature conditions. Rabbits are lower than other animals, and when the rabbit is in a high concentration of harmful gas environments, it is easy to cause respiratory diseases, plus the spread of Bacillobacteria, infectious rhinitis and other diseases. Ventilation, generally be divided into natural ventilation and mechanical ventilation. The small field is commonly used in natural ventilation, and the air convection or roof of the door and window is adjusted by the air convection or the vent hole and the intake hole. The large and medium-sized rabbit fields often use equipment and other equipment to carry out mechanical ventilation. This way is mostly used in hot summer, and is a naturally ventilated auxiliary form. Suitable wind speed in the exemption, in summer is 0.4 meters per second, winter is 0.1 ~ 0.2 m / sec. It should be emphasized that the rabbit should strictly prevent the arbitraries of the thief.
Appropriate illumination helps to enhance the metabolism of rabbits, enhance appetite, promote calcium, phosphorus metabolism; the light is serious, can lead to a rabbit Sexuality and reciprocating rates fall. In addition, the light has a certain role of sterilization, maintaining dry dry and preventing diseases. Production practice shows that rabbits are different for lighting requirements. In general, the breeding breed rabbit requires longer lighting, and the light is 5 to 16 hours per day, which is high, and the number of birth is high, and the best reproduction effect can be obtained. Rex rabbits, meat rabbit fattening, light time should not be too long, and the light is best for 10 to 12 hours a day. No matter which rabbit, it should be avoided direct sunlight, and the sunshine is directly sunbreaking, which will induce pneumonia or heat. At present, the small rabbit farm generally uses natural light; the large and medium-sized rabbit farm, especially the intensive rice sphere, should be used artificial light or artificial supplement light, the light source is better in an incandescent light, 3 to 4 watts per square meter, the light is generally The ground is 2 to 2.5 meters.
According to the test, sudden sound noise can result in a surprised pregnant mother rabbit abortion, and the breastfeeding female rabbit refusesIt is seriously breastfeeding, even residual food and rabbits, and even death, etc. In order to reduce noise, we must stay away from high noise districts, such as roads, railways, industrial and mining enterprises, airports, etc., and avoid interference with external noise; at the same time, there is a distance between rabbit houses, and the rabbit is not too big. Reduce the huge sound of the breeding management personnel in caution in cautious in cautious.
The dust in the air mainly has a large amount of dust generated in the dry dust and feeding management work, such as cleaning the ground, flipping the grass, distribution Hay and feed, etc. Dust has a direct impact on the health of rabbits and rabbit products. Dust fall to the rabbit body surface, which can hinder the normal metabolism of the skin, affect the normal metabolism of the skin, affect the quality of the rabbit; the dust inhalation can also cause respiratory diseases, such as pneumonia, bronchitis, etc. Dust also adsorb the water, poisonous gases, and harmful microorganisms in the air, producing various allergic reactions, and even infecting a variety of infectious diseases. In order to reduce the dust content in the rabbit house, the rabbit should be far from the highway, grain sun and dust-shaped industrial and mining enterprises; in the abutting tree, planting grass has a good dust-proof effect.
Greening has an obvious important role in warming and humidity, purifying air, windproof and sand and beautifying environments. Especially the broad-leaved trees, the summer can be shade, winter can be windy, and have an important role in improving the climate of exemption. According to the production practice, the green work is good, and the summer can cool by 3 to 5 ° C in summer. Planting a grass can reduce the dust content in the air by about 5%. Therefore, the rabbit farm should be as far as possible as much as possible, and the trees should be planted in a large amount of trees, and the air area should be planted on feed crops, pasta or green grass.
The principles of rabbed cqus should follow
1. Maximize the biological characteristics of rabbits
Rabbit design must first “use rabbit”, fully considering the biological characteristics of rabbits. Consider insulation, heatstroke, dehumidification, isolation, noise, etc., create a good environment in winter, cool, dry, clean, quiet. Big rabbits are afraid of hot rabbits to be afraid of cold, they should take the necessary reinforcement measures or use suitable, bitter materials.
2.Easy to forage staff operation and disease prevention
Rabbit buildings must meet the requirements of hygiene and epidemic prevention. First, we will advocate population and subsection isolation. Second, rabbit houses, rabbit cages and various facilities should be beneficial to clean and disinfect. Cage design should comply with operators to improve labor efficiency and reduce labor intensity. The total height of the fixed multilayer rabbit cage should not exceed 1.85 meters; the pedestrian aisle, should not be narrowed 1.2 meters; the manure groove is 0.6-0.8 meters wide, the bottom is curved. It is very important to facilitate the daily management and operation of the feeding personnel. It not only improves labor efficiency, but also avoids harm to rabbits.
3. Need to meet the production process of rabbits
Rabbit production type, different feeding purposes, and its production process is also different. The rabbit cqu house is designed to avoid all aspects or uncoordinated in the production process, and does not match. Such as the rabbit farm, in the purpose of producing brevar, it is necessary to design the corresponding breeding rabbit, determine the rabbit house, the reserve rabbit cultivation, etc., the goods, the rabbit, the product Rabbit house and should be equipped with rabbit cages. All kinds of rabbit houses, the structure of rabbit cages should be reasonable, and the quantity should be supported.
4. Considering a variety of factors, strive to be economical, scientific and reasonable
In addition to “rabbit”, it is necessary to consider feeding scale, feeding purposes, rabbit varieties, Feeding level, production method, health and epidemic prevention, conducive to control and prevent multiple factors such as the spread of diseases and economic tolerances, which are subject to local conditions, comprehensive trade-off, and seek effectiveness, do not pursue the modernization of Rabbit buildings. The building materials should be processed according to the economy, rugged and practical principles; at the same time, Rabbit is also combined with the development plan and envision of production and operators, there is room for future long-term development. While building cages, the storage and modulation treatment of feed warehouses, cyanoid feeds, cut, rabbit skin, rabbit hair, storage, and sick rabbit treatment, isolation room are included in planning.
The rabbit field site should be selected in terrain, flat, appropriate slope, low dry, low water level, and good drainage. Low-lying moist, poor drainage is not conducive to the rabbit houseClean, dry and ventilated breathable, and easy to brevore, mold and other pathogens, cannot be selected.
2. Water source and water quality
The demand of the rabbit farm is relatively large, such as rabbits drinking water, feeding management water such as rabbit house cleaning water, planting feed crops and daily water, etc., must There is enough water source. And the production and domestic water should be cleaned, and there is no excessive impurities, bacteria and parasite, without corruption toxic substances, should meet the human drinking water standards. It is best to use tap water system water supply.
It is best to choose a sand soil. The smooth water is well water, ensuring dry, humidity, small thermal conductivity, and has good insulation performance. Sandy, strong compressive strength, and benefit the architecture.
4. Location and Transportation
To reduce harmful gases and excrements formed in rabbit production and ensure the safety of rabbits, the rabbit field is not suitable for the homosal and bustling zone. It should be relatively isolated, there is a natural barrier, but it requires convenient transportation, especially the large rabbit farm. After the large rabbit field is built, the volume of logistics is relatively large, such as the transport of materials such as fedes, rabbit products and manure operation. The rabbit farm cannot close to the road, railway, port, station, quarry, etc., should also be away from slaughterhouses, livestock markets, livestock products processing plants and polluting factories. For the sake of hygiene and epidemic, the rabbit scene should be more than 300 meters from the main road, 100 meters from the general road to form an epidemic prevention buffer belt. There should be more than 200 meters between the rabbit farm and the residential area, and should be in the lower stroke of the residential area. Rabbit farms, especially the high intensive range, more power supply, strong dependence, and power supply in the place where the rabbit field should be guaranteed.
The rabbit farm with a certain size is partitioned, which is generally divided into production area, management area, living area, and auxiliary area. The production area is the core part of the rabbit farm. The direction is generally in the north of the south, and the production area should be arranged in parallel with the living area. The production area should be based on the rabbit house in the core group – breeding the rabbit – 成 兔 舍 – 序 序 顺 序 序 序 序 序 序Crossing of free shipping route and delivery route. The management area should be close to the gate, making it more convenient to foreign exchange, and also reduces direct interference to the production area. The living area is parallel to the production area, close to the management area, but must be in the production area. The secondary area of the auxiliary facility construction area includes feed warehouses, feed processing workshops, haystations, hydraulic rooms, etc., including veterinary diagnostic chambers, sick rabbit isolation room, dead rabbit cavel, etc. Since the feed processing is dust pollution, veterinary diagnostic chamber, the semaphorecloth isolation room often contacts the pathogens, so the auxiliary area must be located in the production area, the management area and the living area to ensure the safety of the entire rabbit farm. As for the specific layout in each region, it is based on the principle that is conducive to production and epidemic prevention, convenient work and management.
The general requirements for the design and architecture of the building
For the design and construction of rabbit, there are both architectural technical requirements, and rabbit biology. Professional requirements. Here mainly introduces the general requirements of rabbit design and architecture from the professional perspective of rabbits.
1. The rabbit design should be in line with rabbit life habits, which is conducive to growth and development and production performance; facilitating feeding management and improving productivity; facilitating cleaning, preventing disease spread.
2. Rabbit house building materials, especially rabbit cage materials to be firm and durable, preventing damage to rabbits; there should be measures to prevent rabbits in the construction of rabbits.
3. The rabbit house is required to be flat, solid, can prevent moisture, and the ground is higher than 20 to 25 cm outside the floor. There must be slopes on both sides of the walkway; the inner wall of the indoor wall, cement prefabricated buna, inheate board The care of the manure surface requires smooth and smooth, easy to eliminate dirt, easy to clean and disinfect.
4. The lighting area of the rabbit house is 15% of the ground area, and the incident angle of the sun is not less than 25 ° to 30 °. The rabbit house requires strong, insulation, preventing the beast, the size of the door to facilitate the use of the feed vehicle and the tanity truck.
5. The drainage system is set in the rabbit house. The ditch must have a certain slope in order to clean and use water to remove the manure to the storage tank, which is convenient for urine to discharge, thereby reducing the humidity and harmful gas concentrations.
6. In order to preventTurogue and disinfection, at the rabbit farm and rabbit house should be set up at the entrance to the rabbit, and the disinfectant should be conveniently replaced.
7. Guaranteed ventilation. Natural ventilation is used in the hot area of my country. Natural ventilation is suitable for small-scale rabbit farms. Mechanical ventilation is suitable for large-scale rabbit farms with higher intensification.
Original article, author：xinran，If reprinted，Please indicate the source：http://www.badpet.org/how-to-create-a-small-rabbit-farm-raising-the-rabbit-forum-china-animal-husbandry-website-a-useful-animal-husbandry-website/