Large Water Treatment Method – Beep Sheep Forum – China Animal Husbandry Website – A useful animal husbandry website
518 Breeding Technology Network News, well known, water is the source of life, is an important part of the animal body, and about 70% of the animal body is composed of water. Water is also an indispensable, irreplaceable nutrients, digestion and absorption, nutrient transportation, metabolic and manure discharge, growth and reproduction, etc. must have water. The moisture of the sheep body accounts for 55% -70%, the higher the water in the lean meat, so there is a saying in our breeding industry, drinking water is also a long meat. It is like such an important cheap feed, and many of us have a sheep boss. During the first line, I found a lot of sheep farm, the sheep drinking water, some of the sheep farm water, the sheep did not love to drink, leading to the fall of fattening sheep, fight, unknown reasons, growth, combined with the first line of discovery and Summary, I hope to bring some reference and thinking!
First, the water source of the placed sheep farm
The water source of the Langchang is mainly from surface water, groundwater and tap water. Among them, the safer sanitation is sold, but because the cost is very small, more use is groundwater and surface water. Groundwater is mostly using deep wells to extract the deep water in the formation; the surface water is mainly reservoirs, lakes, rivers and pond water. In order to obtain a sufficient amount of water, the sheep field should establish an independent water supply system, and the water input field, re-use the water tower or through the pressure tank, to water supply.
In actual production, the water source of most sheep farm has been contaminated with different degrees of pollution, especially the sheep farm for water sources using the surface of the water, and it has caused pollution during water and water supply. Some sheep farms using groundwater, due to insufficient protection of groundwater sources, the sewage or other contaminants produced by the farm autowater or other contaminants have also occurred often. Therefore, no matter the water source of the sheep, it is recommended to use after sterilization.
Second, drinking water
The sheep is drinking water every day, the demand for water is very large, especially in the illness or stress, will stop feeding, only relying on drinking water to maintain basic life activities, at this time The only nutrients, different animals, different animals, especially those with protein-metabolic, especially protein-metabolic, and the need to be significantly different, and the water is not the same. Under the appropriate environmental conditions, sheep and goats are 4-15 liters / day, some sheep farm are automatic drinking water, some sheep farm isArtificial addition, only add water when feeding, the middle of the sink is long, and the sheep is serious and shortage. The more the summer sheep drinks, the larger the water, can not be empty, but also pay attention to the sink hygiene, clean each day. The sheep itself is a clean animal. If the sink is unsanitary, it will affect drinking water.
Three, Sheep Farm Drinking Water Pollution Status
1. Water Tower
Sheep farm water source from groundwater, was immersed in groundwater, and then fed the sheep after the livestock feces, pesticides, industrial sewage, etc. The problem is worrying. In order to meet the supply of the flock to ensure the supply of water sources in any season, each sheep farm has one or more water tower, many Sheep farm have never cleaned and disinfect the water tower from the construction site, and some water tower is long and moss. Even piles of many silt rubbish, water source hygiene is extremely poor. Therefore, the sheep field should be cleaned and disinfects the water supply tower under safety measures per year to ensure water sanitation. Generally, the cloudy surface water requires precipitation, filtration and disinfection can be used for animal drinking; cleaner deep well water, groundwater only needs to be disinfected, if the effect is affected by the surrounding environment or geology, the water source is specially polluted, The corresponding purification measures are required.
2. Water pipeline and water dispenser
a few sheep farm drink tap water, with water supply pipeline, but the waterline terminal water quality bacteria exceeds the problem. Some sheep farms reflect the low food intake, unknown causes, slutty, and slightly fatigue, the inspection is that the water pipeline is blocked, the water flow is too small, the woolen drink is not enough. Some sheep farms drink are groundwater or pond water, which may contain various microorganisms including Salmonella, Escherichia coli, and hook-end spiral, and some pathogens are attached to the wall to form colonies, and then produce biological Membranes and dirt, accumulating pipelines in the month, so that the pipelines narrow, and the water flow is insufficient.
Additionally, water-soluble additives in the water drinking system, such as vitamins, minerals, electrolytes, enzymes, acidulants, etc., also generated a thick layer of thick biofilms in the inner wall of the water pipe, providing superiority for harmful microorganisms. Survival conditions, commonly used chlorine-containing disinfectants have a certain inhibitory effect on some of the microorganisms in the water, but for the formed biofilms, it is powerless.
3. Water is the media
infectious diseases spread through common air and direct contact, there is also a class of water that is contaminated by drinking or contaminated with pathogens.Diseases, called diethohydrate, also known as waterborne infectious diseases, and two of its popular reasons: 1 After the water source is contaminated with pathogens, it is not properly treated and disinfected to drink. 2 The treated drinking water was re-contaminated with pathogens during transmission and water storage. Ground water and shallow waves are extremely vulnerable to pathogenic contamination and lead to the occurrence of dielectric water infectious diseases. Its pathogens mainly have coliforms, heat-resistant E. coli, Salmonella, Wei Shissea, cholera-strorn and Jiacel, schistosoma, etc., which are mainly used by animal feces, animal husbandry slaughter, corpses, buried, domestic sewage and other wastewater penetrated into the ground Cause. The epidemic infectional diseases caused by animal diseases mainly include diarrhea problems and bowlmia such as messenger, if the farm often occurs, in the normal feed, water quality detection will have a problem with the total number of bacteria. Therefore, the sheep field must pay more attention to water source safety and water quality bacterial testing when controlling the disease.
Four, the common water quality treatment method of scale
is to make the drinking water quality of the farm meet the health requirements, and drinking water usually requires purification treatment of physical and chemical methods. Commonly used physics methods include precipitation, filtration, ion exchange resins, boiling, ultraviolet lamp, etc., chemical methods are commonly used in the use of a water disinfectant, a farm-containing product, including chlorine, acidulants, and hydrogen peroxide components.
Generally, the cloudy surface water requires precipitation, filtration and disinfection can be used for animal drinking; cleaner deep well water, groundwater only need to be disinfected, if affected by the surrounding environment or geology, water source is special Pollution, you need to take appropriate purification measures.
The surface of the surface is often contained in the sediment, so that the turbidity of water is large. When the water flow rate is slow or stopped, the larger suspension in the water can gradually sink due to gravity, thereby obtaining water to preliminary clarification. The farm generally has a precipitated tank or a water storage, which can play a certain precipitation. However, there are also some tiny colloid particles suspended in the water to reject each other due to a certain negative charge, and long-term suspension without precipitation. At this time, a certain coagulant such as alum can be added to precipitate. Thus the purpose of preliminary water purification.
The principle of filtration of water is mainly by filtering, and the suspended particles in water are larger than those of the film, while others have passed the filter membrane. Enter the water cycle. FiltrateThe solid impurities of small particles are removed, but the water dissolved in water cannot be removed.
In order to prevent the dissemination of the infectious disease, it is ensured that the water is safe, and water needs to be disinfected with water: commonly used disinfection method has physical disinfection and chemical disinfection law. Physical disinfection methods include boiling disinfection, ultraviolet disinfection, ultrasonic disinfection, etc., breeding due to more concentrated water supply, and such techniques cannot be used in the sheep farm water supply and disinfection. Therefore, the scale sheep farm is more use chemical method to disinfect water, even if the water is used to disinfect the water. Currently used drinking water exhaustions are mainly chlorine preparations, iodine and chlorine dioxide. The ideal drinking water exhaustion requires non-toxic, non-irritating, can be quickly soluble in water and releases sterilization ingredients, and the pathogenic microorganisms in the water are strong, and the bacteria is wide, and the organic or inorganic objects in water will not occur. Chemical reactions and produce harmful toxic substances, cheap and easy, easy to save and transport, easy to use. (518 farming technology network)
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